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Nhan đề: Gender differences in student achievement in Vietnam: findings from the 2007 National Survey of Student Achievement
Tác giả: Cuc, Nguyen Thi Kim
Griffin, Patrick
Từ khoá: Gender
Student achievement
Agender inequlity
Male student
Female student
Tùng thư/Số báo cáo: Paper prepared for the Gender Equality In Education: Looking Beyond Parity: An IIEP evidence-based Policy Forum,3-4 October 2011, Paris;
Tóm tắt: In order to improve the learning outcomes of both male and female students, it is important to improve understanding of how they learn and the source of any gender inequality. Understanding the reasons for differences in student performance might be considered the first step for designing effective educational policies to addressquality and equity concerns. Studies of the relationship between gender and student achievement demonstrate that girls tend to have a higher reading achievement than boys (EURYDICE, 2010; Nguyen, Wu and Gillis, 2005; Rothman and McMillan, 2003; World Bank, 2004). While studies show that gender differences in mathematics are somewhat mixed, most show no consistent gender gap among students at the primarylevel (EURYDICE, 2010; OECD, 2009; Rothman and McMillan, 2003). The relationship between gender and student achievement has not been given much attention in education studies in Vietnam. Gender has been addressed as a factor associated with school participation more than as one associated with achievement. Only two small scale studies, conducted at rural lower secondary schools, in Vinh Phu and Bac Giang provinces, addressed the relationship between gender and student achievement. It was found that females performed better than males in reading; there was no significant difference in mathematics achievement (Nguyen, 1998; 2003). The emergence of large‐scale surveys of student achievement in Vietnam in the 21st century has created opportunities for research addressing the gender gap in education. The results from a 2001 national survey of grade 5 student achievement supported the finding from the studies conducted by Nguyen (1998). It was found that girls outperformed boys in reading, but that there was no significant difference in mathematics test scores (World Bank, 2004). In order to establish gender difference achievement trends in primary school students, this paper addresses the followingquestions: To what extent do male and female achievements differ on Vietnamese large scale achievement surveys? How do gender differences vary across school locations, regional and ethnic groups? What is the relative importance of gender compared to other influences on student achievement?
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Appears in Collections:Gender issues

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