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Nhan đề: Empirical Analysis of Innovation and the Proximity of Information Linkages in ASEAN Economies: Case of Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam
Tác giả: Tsuji, Masatsugu
Miyahara, Shoichi
Từ khoá: ASEAN economies
Năm xuất bản: 2009
Tùng thư/Số báo cáo: ERIA Research Project Report;Volume 7, Issue 4, page 384-457
Tóm tắt: The success factors of remarkable economic growth East Asian economies lie in the agglomeration of firms in this region, being initiated by MNCs. The agglomeration created another agglomeration in such a way that MNCs’ affiliated firms, such as parts suppliers and supporting firms, were founded in locations near the MNCs and local firms were developed due to technology transfer from MNCs. This leads to the transformation of the regional economies into innovative economies: transformation from agglomeration to innovation. A key factor is information flow among all entities of the area; information is related to technology, know-how, management, marketing and market, and on the sources of information such as university, public agencies, industry/trade organizations, and public R&D institutions as well as MNCs. The transmission channel of information to firms is referred to as “linkages.” This paper classifies this into four categories; (i) production; (ii) research; (iii) human; and (iv) other linkages. Based on comprehensive surveys conducted in four ASEAN economies (Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam), and received approximately 700 responses. Based on the surveys, this paper attempts to identify rigorously which linkages are statistically significant for innovation. This paper is particularly concerned with the proximity between firms and partners, and attempts to examine whether neighboring or remote partners are more related to their innovation. By rigorous econometric analysis, among the productionlinkages, MNCs are identified. Government owned financial institutions government/public research intuitions are found to be significant among research linkages. Asfor human linkages, recruiting managers as well as engineers from various sources such as MNCs, JVs or other large firms are found significant. Related to the proximity, government-owned financial institutions located in the neighboring areas and remote government/public agencies or government/public research institutions are found to be significant. This paper also identified required linkages for firms to upgrade from low to high level of innovation
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Appears in Collections:Economic development

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