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Nhan đề: Dynamics of the textiles and apparel industries in Southeast asia - a preliminary analysis
Tác giả: Esho, Hideki
Từ khoá: Buyer-driven global value chain
Southeast Asia
Textile and apparel industry
Năm xuất bản: 2015
Tùng thư/Số báo cáo: Journal of International Economic Studies;Volume 29, Page 85 - 106
Tóm tắt: The apparel industry is a representative case of a buyer-driven global value chain, as suggested by Gary Gereffi. We examine this hypothesis by focusing on the textile and apparel industries in Southeast Asian countries, especially the Philippines, Malaysia, and Thailand. We found that there are two different kinds of value chains in these industries. In one, the lead firms are engaged in chemical fiber production, and, in the other, the lead firms are engaged in fast fashion retailing. The former is a producer-driven chain and the latter is a buyer-driven chain. In Southeast Asian countries today, we find these two different chains. Japanese chemical fiber producers during the 1960s and 1970s represented the former case, and today this type is found among Indian chemical fiber producers such as Reliance Industries, the Indorama group, and the Aditya Birla group. On the other hand, US and Western European fashion retailers represent the latter case; this is especially so among Hong Kong Chinese entrepreneurs. In future, even firms in the small countries of Southeast Asia can upgrade and be fashion retailers without having fiber and textile production bases if they can develop their own designs and brands, and develop merchandizing, marketing and coordinating capabilities and skills.
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Appears in Collections:Economic development

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