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Nhan đề: The role of land wealth on child labour in Vietnam.
Tác giả: Toh, Yin Li
Từ khoá: Land
Child labour
Năm xuất bản: 2018
Tùng thư/Số báo cáo: Atlantic Economic Journal;Tr. 247 - 248
Tóm tắt: The economics literature generally considers income poverty to be the main cause of child labour. However, recent papers have cast doubt on this, showing evidence that greater land wealth leads to higher child labour. Bhalotra and Heady (World Bank Economic Review, 2003) showed that land size has a positive effect on child labour in Ghana and Pakistan. Supporting evidence has also been found in Burkina Faso (Dumas, Oxford Economic Papers, 2007). --- Land in agrarian societies is considered a source of wealth and thus, this effect is labeled as the wealth paradox. Basu et al., (Journal of Development Economics, 2010) considered labour market imperfections in their theoretical model, and suggested an inverse-U shaped relationship between land size and child labour. It is argued that labour market imperfections are significant enough to hinder the expected negative relationship between household wealth and child labour. --- This wealth paradox has motivated research studying the impact of household-owned land on child labour in Vietnam, as research on this area in Southeast Asia is scarce. In the context from Vietnam, many papers using data from the 1990s find an association between poverty and child labour. Edmonds (The Journal of Human Resources, 2005) reported that per capita expenditure increases across households that moved out of poverty can explain up to 80% of the decline in child labour. Additionally, increases in rice prices during the 1990s through trade liberalisation caused nearly half of the child labour decline in Vietnam (Edmonds and Pavcnik, Journal of International Economics, 2004).
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