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Nhan đề: Food value chain in ASEAN: Case studies focusing on local producers
Tác giả: Kusano, Eiichi
Từ khoá: Food
Năm xuất bản: 2018
Tùng thư/Số báo cáo: ERIA Research Project FY2018 No.05;pp. 1 - 180
Tóm tắt: The bottom-up perspective of the global value chain (GVC), centrally argued in this publication, puts weight on activities of suppliers and their upgrading in domestic value chains and GVCs. It can be a core question for the bottom-up development of the food value chain (FVC) of how agri-food producers, mainly characterised by small-scale and unstable management, can improve their profitability by participating and utilising the chain. Such a question has also been associated with issues on poverty reduction and on the development of small and medium-sized enterprises in agri-food industries and has been actively argued in the literature of value chain development. This publication aims to contribute to economic development and poverty reduction in agrifood sectors in countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) by identifying the policy implications obtained from case studies of selected FVCs. Different case studies commonly seek pathways by which agri-food producers and processors can increase their profit by utilising the FVC. Each study focuses on functions of various actors vertically linked with producers or processors, and of stakeholders supporting the construction of the FVC. The major analytical method is the description of the FVC’s structure, which includes distribution channels of products and functions of actors within and surrounding the chain. Some case studies focus on cost–benefit structure, product price, and explicit coordination of key players. Others emphasise the structural characteristics of the FVC and detect opportunities and chokepoints buried in the chain. Those analyses are based on both primary data collected through interviews or sampling and secondary data obtained from various sources. Chapter 2 describes the theoretical background of the FVC and the transition of the FVC in Thailand, mainly focusing on fresh vegetables and broiler value chains. Chapters 3 and 4 explore feasible solutions to generate more value added and allocate more suitable benefit among actors in the chain through case studies of high-quality rice and fresh milk in Viet Nam. Chapter 5 considers how to improve the profitability of dairy farmers by investigating their marketing channel of fresh and processed milk in Malaysia. Chapter 6 seeks opportunities and challenges in the value chain of seafood in Indonesia, which is the second-largest producer of marine fish in the world. Policy implications obtained through case studies are as follows. Increase in Producti
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