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Nhan đề: Variations of Late Socialist Development: Integration and Marginalization in the Northern Uplands of Vietnam and Laos
Tác giả: Friederichsen, Rupert
Neef, Andreas
Từ khoá: Integration
Rural development
Năm xuất bản: 2010
Tùng thư/Số báo cáo: European journal of development research;Volue 22; Issue 4, Pages 564-581
Tóm tắt: This article analyzes the dynamics of integration and marginalization inherent in the development process experienced by the rural upland areas of Vietnam and Lao PDR. Focusing on the post-1980s reform period, we compare the two uplands areas along the three themes ethnic difference and hierarchy, development policies and market permeation. In both countries, the low and differential status of ethnic minorities is reflected in policy formulation and implementation, contradicting the official rhetoric and goal of unity and equality among ethnic groups. Market influences are increasingly permeating the uplands of both countries although to varying degrees, connecting them with not only national, but also global commodity markets, and leading to increasing differentiation within and between ethnic groups. These development trajectories integrate and marginalize ethnic minority groups and individuals simultaneously but differentially
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Appears in Collections:Social Development

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