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Nhan đề: Social preferences behind public-good provision: Evidence from household recycling in Vietnam
Tác giả: Yokoo, Hide-Fumi
Kawai, Kosuke
Higuchi, Yuki
Từ khoá: Altruism
Household recycling
Inequality aversion
Private provision of a public good
Solid waste
Năm xuất bản: Jan-2017
Tùng thư/Số báo cáo: EPR-ASIA discussion paper series;pp. 1 - 38
Tóm tắt: This study examines the behavioral factors that affect the private provision of an environmental public good in a developing country. Household recycling behavior in an urban area of Vietnam is examined. A conceptual framework that modifies the impure altruism model with heterogeneous preferences and further incorporates the impure public good model is proposed to study informal recycling behaviors. Based on survey data collected from 755 Hanoi households, we find that the majority of sample households recycle all the recyclable materials they consume even though such recycling is not obligatory. Half the recycling households sell their recyclables to informal junk buyers, whereas the other half provide recyclables without monetary compensation. Our finding of voluntary recycling implies that a certain proportion of households have a positive marginal willingness to pay for an increase in the environmental public good provided privately through the informal sector. The results of the regression analyses show that recycling behavior is driven by altruism, as measured by a modified version of the self-report altruism scale. Among high-income households, inequality averse households tend to recycle. These findings suggest that social preferences are important determinants of the private provision of public goods, even in developing countries.
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