Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Efficiency of different integrated agriculture aquaculture systems in the red river delta of Vietnam
Authors: Huong, Nguyen Van
Cuong, Tran Huu
Thu, Tran Thi Nang
Lebailly, Philippe
Keywords: Efficiency
Integrated aquaculture systems
Red river delta
Issue Date: 2018
Series/Report no.: Sustainability;pp. 1 - 13
Abstract: Integrated Agriculture Aquaculture (IAA) is characteristic with diversity of small-scale production systems in the Red River Delta, Vietnam where most integrated aquaculture systems are closely associated to the VAC model, an ecosystem production that three components: garden (V), pond (A) and livestock pen (C) are integrated. These VAC systems effectively use all the available land, air, water and solar energy resources, and also effectively recycle by-products and waste for providing diversified agricultural products to meet the complex nutritional demands of rural communities. The IAA systems are dynamic, diverse and subject to economic and environmental changes. By investigating 167 aquaculture households, the traditional VAC, New VAC, Animal Fish (AF) and Commercial Fish (FS) systems are identified as four existing IAA systems. This paper presents the main characteristics and economic efficiency of these IAA systems. The study’s results indicate clear evidence that the traditional VAC system and New VAC system are the most efficient and effective models. The findings of this study have shed light on the important role of integrated aquaculture systems to food security and economic development of households and local communities. The VAC systems are likely to propose for improving household food security and developing the local economy.
Appears in Collections:Agriculture and rural development

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Efficiency of Different Integrated.pdf
  Restricted Access
1.14 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.