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Title: Maps of solar resource and potential in Vietnam
Authors: Polo, Jesús
Bernardos, Ana
Martínez, Sofía
Peruchena, Carlos Fernández
[Et. al].
Keywords: Viet Nam
Solarre source
Issue Date: 2015
Series/Report no.: Maps of solar radiation and potential in Vietnam;Page 1 - 51
Abstract: The deployment of solar energy projects in a country or in wide regions needs of prior precise information on the available solar resources. The solar resources information facilitates policies and decision making processes of the different technologies to be used, as well as the investments; at the same time, the geographic analysis of solar resource assessment is frequently the first step in solar technology deployment in that particular region. Solar radiation incoming on the Earth’s surface exhibits a large geographic variability due to its strong dependence on the atmospheric conditions and meteorology, and presents also highly variability in time. Therefore, the annual sum of incoming solar radiation can change significantly from year to year and from place to place in a country due to varying weather conditions. -- For making decisions about energy policy, in addition to the solar radiation estimation, it will be necessary to analyze the potential use of the solar technologies in the country. The methodology and works for the potential assessments depend strongly on each specific technology. Thus, even for a specific technology, scenarios taking into account the type of applications, installations power, local incentives and/or its evolutions during the next years have to be considered. Renewable energy is often criticized for being too expensive although different studies around the world shows that certain unsubsidized renewable energy technologies are now cheaper than electricity from fossil fuels in certain countries. Even without considering the benefits associated with the expansion of energy from renewable sources; Solar energy provides with a wide variety of environmental and socioeconomic benefits, including diversification and security of energy supply, access to modern energy, enhanced regional and rural development opportunities, positive GDP impact and job creation. These benefits have already proven important in those countries with high renewable energy deployment levels, as is the case of Spain. – Under the framework of a project promoted by the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) for strengthen the capacities of the Vietnamese government to take decisions concerning the solar energy sector, the General Directorate of Energy of Ministry of Industry and Trade of Vietnam (MoiT) and CIEMAT (representing a Spanish consortium formed by CIEMAT, CENER and IDAE) signed an agreement to address the Phase I of this project focused on mapping the solar resource and potential in Vietnam.
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