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Title: Maternal and child nutrition and oral health in urban Vietnam
Authors: Huang, Debbie
Chung, Kenny
Lin, Wenting
Chung, Raymond
Keywords: Nutrition transition
Oral health
Early childhood caries
Mouth pain
Issue Date: 2019
Series/Report no.: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;pp. 1 - 10
Abstract: The global nutrition transition has contributed to child obesity and dental caries in developing countries, including Vietnam. Few studies have described the nutrition and oral health of mothers and children. This a descriptive study of the nutrition and oral health characteristics of a convenience sample of 571 children aged 2 to 5 years and their mothers from 5 urban preschools in Central and South Vietnam. The mothers completed a written survey, and the children received dental exams and weight/height measurements. High rates of bottle-feeding and the consumption of sweets were reported. One in 4 children were overweight/obese. Dental caries increased in prevalence and severity by age—at 5 years, 86.7% of children had tooth decay in an average of 8.5 teeth, and 70.9% experienced mouth pain. Most mothers and children suffered from untreated dental disease. Public health programs should focus on nutrition and oral health promotion, as well as dental treatment from pregnancy and birth onward.
Appears in Collections:Health care

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