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Title: Trends and determinants of infant and under-five childhood mortality in Vietnam, 1986–2011
Authors: Lee, Hwa-Young
Dung, Do Van
Choi, Sugy
Oanh, Trinh Thi Hoang
Kien, To Gia
Keywords: Infant mortality
Under-five mortality
Survey analysis
Mortality trends
Issue Date: 29-Feb-2016
Series/Report no.: Global Health Action;pp. 1 - 10
Abstract: Background: Although Vietnam has taken great efforts to reduce child mortality in recent years, a large number of children still die at early age. Only a few studies have been conducted to identify at-risk groups in order to provide baseline information for effective interventions. Objective:The study estimated the overall trends in infant mortality rate (IMR) and under-five mortality rate (U5MR) during 1986 2011 and identified demographic and socioeconomic determinants of child mortality. Design:Data from the Vietnam Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICSs) in 2000 (MICS2), 2006 (MICS3) and 2011 (MICS4) were analysed. The IMR and U5MR were calculated using the indirect method developed by William Brass. Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios were estimated to assess the association between child death and demographic and socioeconomic variables. Region-stratified stepwise logistic regression was conducted to test the sensitivity of the results. Results: The IMR and U5MR significantly decreased for both male and female children between 1986 and 2010. Male children had higher IMR and U5MR compared with females in all 3 years. Women who were living in the Northern Midlands and Mountain areas were more likely to experience child deaths compared with women who were living in the Red River Delta. Women who were from minor ethnic groups, had low education, living in urban areas, and had multiple children were more likely to have experienced child deaths. Conclusion: Baby boys require more healthcare attention during the first year of their life. Comprehensive strategies are necessary for tackling child mortality problems in Vietnam. This study shows that child mortality is not just a problem of poverty but involves many other factors. Further studies are needed to investigate pathways underlying associations between demographic and socioeconomic conditions and childhood mortality
ISSN: 1654-9716
Appears in Collections:Health care

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