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Title: Childcare and maternal employment: Evidence from Vietnam.
Authors: Anh, Dang H. Hai
Hiraga, Masako
Cuong, Nguyen Viet
Keywords: Gender equality
Child care
Maternal employment
Women’s empowerment
Issue Date: 2019
Series/Report no.: Global Labor Organization (GLO) GLO Discussion Paper;pp. 1 - 52
Abstract: Little literature currently exists on the effects of childcare use on maternal labor market outcomes in a developing country context, and recent studies offer mixed results. We attempt to fill these gaps by analyzing several of the latest rounds of the Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey spanning the early to mid-2010s. Addressing endogeneity issues with a regression discontinuity estimator based on children’s birth months, we find a sizable effect of childcare attendance on women’s labor market outcomes, including their total annual wages, household income, and poverty status. The effects of childcare attendance differ by women’s characteristics and are particularly strong for younger, more educated women. Furthermore, childcare has a medium-term effect and positively impacts men’s labor market outcomes as well.
Appears in Collections:Social Development

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