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Title: The association between ambient temperatures and hospital admissions due to respiratory diseases in the capital city of Vietnam
Authors: Anh, Tran Quynh
Toan, Ngo Van
Keywords: Temperature
Hospital admission
Respiratory disease (RD)
Cold and hot effects
Issue Date: 2022
Series/Report no.: Frontiers in Public Health;pp. 1 - 8
Abstract: This study aimed to examine the short-term effects of ambient temperature on hospital admissions due to respiratory diseases among Hanoi residents. We collected 34,653 hospital admissions for 365 days (November 1, 2017, to November 31, 2018) from two hospitals in Hanoi. A quasi-Poisson regression model with time series analysis was used to explore the temperature-health outcome relationship's overall pattern. The non-linear curve indicated the temperatures with the lowest risk range from 22 degrees (Celcius) to 25 degrees (Celcius). On average, cold temperatures showed a higher risk than hot temperatures across all genders and age groups. Hospital admissions risk was highest at 13 degrees (Celcius) (RR = 1.39; 95% CI = 1.26-1.54) for cold effects and at 33 degrees (Celcius) (RR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.04-1.39) for the hot effects. Temporal pattern analysis showed that the most effect on respiratory diseases occurred at a lag of 0 days for hot effect and at a lag of 1 day for cold effect. The risk of changing temperature among women and people over 5 years old was higher than other groups. Our results suggest that the risk of respiratory admissions was greatest when the temperature was low. Public health prevention programs should be enhanced to improve public awareness about the health risks of temperature changes, especially respiratory diseases risked by low temperatures.
Appears in Collections:Health care

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